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Success Psychology
Psychology exists to help people successfully reach various outcomes. This may be conceived of in positive ways to help people thrive and reach their fullest potentials.   
In Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or CBT, goal setting is a major objective and starting point for changing behaviors.  Similarly, in personal and professional development it is necessary to have goals and objectives about what we want to accomplish.
If we wish to learn a specific skill or achieve our dreams, setting goals is necessary to keep us on track so that we may accomplish our aims.  In both CBT and the S.M.A.R.T. Goals system, goal setting is a primary starting point for reaching our desired objectives.
We can apply the principles of CBT and the S.M.A.R.T. system to the psychology of success, as having goals are an essential part of getting to where we want to be.  
Goal setting is also essential for overcoming negative behaviors, and much of psychology has aimed at helping people overcome their life problems.  
CBT is also useful for helping to overcome depression, anxiety, OCD and other mental health conditions.  
A 5 Point System for the Psychology of Success
1.  Goal Setting / SMART Goals
2.  Understand your Why, Values, Motivations, and Purpose
3.  Utilize your Strengths, Skills, and Virtues
4.  Evaluate and Apply Success Principles
5.  Take Action
SMART Goals and Goal Setting
In the SMART system of setting goals the word smart is used as an acronym for the most important parts of goal setting.  The letters represent the following:
S - Specific - This means to set specific goals, and the more precise they are the better.  
M - Measurable - We need to be able to measure the progress we are making so that we can stay motivated, and understand what is working and not working.  
A - Achievable - Goals need to be attainable and realistic.  If we set goals that are too difficult we are more likely to give up.  However, achievable goals keep us motivated and moving forward.  
R - Relevant / Realistic - Goals need to be relevant to our lives and correspond with our values.  They should be realistic so that we can achieve them.
T - Time Bound - There should be time limits established on when we will attain our goals, or reach relevant milestones.  Long term goals need milestones with shorter time intervals so that we can measure our progress, and achieve specific aims on the way to accomplishing the larger goals.
Learn more about goal setting and SMART goals.
These are all interrelated and create what I call the Diamond of Life Purpose.
While our values form the basis for what is important to us, our purpose in life provides the overarching higher meaning.  
Our why and motivation is the reason why we have the values and purposes we do.  Motivation is also related to our passions in life, and when we feel deeply passionate, we will be highly motivated.
Why do you seek personal or professional development?
How is your why related to your values and life purpose?
What motivates you to continue doing what you do? 
Know Your Why, Values, Motivations, and Life Purpose
To Achieve Your Goals Use Your Personal Strengths and Skills
In order to achieve our goals we must use our strengths, skills, and discipline.  The virtues also greatly assist us in accomplishing our life goals, and in many ways are just as fundamental as our skills, knowledge, and personal strengths.  
By understanding how the virtues are associated with character strengths, we can utilize our best qualities to make our goals and dreams become a reality.  
For instance, the virtue of temperance represents life balance and relates to the strengths of self-discipline and prudence.  To attain our goals it is vital to use self-discipline, good judgement and balance in life.  
The virtue of wisdom connects to knowledge, learning, creativity, perspective, open-mindedness, critical thinking, and curiosity.  These are all character strengths in positive psychology that connect to wisdom, and they all play essential roles for reaching our dreams.
When we learn to use the virtues and their associated character strengths, we develop the personal qualities necessary for realizing our fullest potentials.
Success Principles
There are certain fundamentals for beings successful such as being persistent, determined, and believing in one's self.  Self-discipline, overcoming fear, and taking action are also essentials for becoming successful.  
A great book that elaborates on these fundamentals is The Success Principles by Jack Canfield.  In it he presents 64 key points for achieving goals and creating successful outcomes. The book consists of six major sections including: The Fundamentals of Success, Transform Yourself for Success, Build Your Success Team, Create Successful Relationships, Success and Money, and Success Starts Now.
Some of his principles include "Take 100% Responsibility for Your Life", "Transform You Inner Critic into an Inner Coach", and "Keep Your Eye on the Prize."
Jack Canfield's advice and books give good practical information, and provide many keys to living successfully.
What are some success principles that you can apply to your life?